ILLEGAL TRANSBOUNDARY MOVEMENT OF WASTE : INDONESIA EXPERIENCE

  • Yuafanda Kholfi Hartono Directorate of Customs and Excise Information and Technology DGCE
  • Setiyono Nugroho
  • Tagara Primadista
  • Tri Pambudiwidagdo

Abstract

Southeast Asia, including Indonesia, is one of the destinations for global waste from Europe and America, Greenpeace reported (Greenpeace Southeast Asia, 2019). After China stopped importing plastic waste in July 2017, Indonesia handled more imported plastic waste, which impacted the environment by transforming the waste into toxic dump sites and contaminating the water. Furthermore, the local food industry also used the waste as a substitution for fuel scrap for fuel. Indonesia Customs participated in several enforcement tools from the World Customs Organization (WCO) under its Environment Programme, such as DEMETER operation, Regional Intelligence Liasion Officers (RILOs) network, the Customs Enforcement Network (CEN), and ENVIRONET. But, do WCO tools have some impacts on controlling the transboundary movement of waste in Indonesia? This paper investigates how far WCO tools help Indonesia in addressing the problem of the Illegal transboundary movements of waste and presents a global customs issue from the perspective of Southeast Asian countries. It will then give recommendations as to how the WCO can contribute more to addressing the issue of global waste transboundary movements.

Published
2021-12-24